Lockheed C-130 Hercules

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Lockheed C-130 Hercules
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Lockheed L-100 Southern



Civil versions of the Lockheed Hercules

Hercules production also includes several civilian versions, initially designated Model 382. The basic 382 was based on the C-130E, without pylon tanks and military equipment. It flew for the first time on 21 April 1964 and it was certificated in February 1965.
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An improved version was Model 382B, also designated as L-100, with an improved cargo handling system, but generally similar to the earlier Model 382. These versions didn't attract much attention from airlines, however.
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A 8ft 3in (2.5m) stretched version with 24 percent more cargo volume was the L-100-20 (Model 382E), which flew for the first time on 19 April 1968. This version also included improved engines. Some older 382B's were converted to get the longer fuselage, but kept their original engines.
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A further stretched aircraft was the L-100-30 (Model 382G), with a 15ft (4.6m) stretch compared to the original aircraft. On 14 August 1970 this version made its maiden flight. Late that year the first aircraft was delivered to Saturn Airways (later Transamerica Airlines). These aircraft were used for flying Rolls-Royce RB.211 turbofans for the Lockheed TriStar production line from Britain to Burbank. A L-100-30 of the Indonesian airline Merpati Nusantara was certified as a passenger aircraft with 97 seats. This aircraft also includes windows, additional doors, improved air conditoning and cabin amenities. Southern Air Cargo developed a combi-version for 18 passengers and five cargo pallets.
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An even further stretched version, the L-100-50, was not built. The stretched models also attracted the attention of military operators, including Algeria, Gabon, Kuwait and The Netherlands. They bought military variants with the stretched fuselage. Of the civil models Lockheed sold most of the L-100-30 version. The final L-100 was built in 1992. Lockheed abandoned plans for a civil version based on the C-130J. Lockheed built a total of 115 civil Hercules aircraft.
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L-100-20 / -30 Specifications

Length (L-100-20): 106ft 1in (32.33m).
Length (L-100-30): 112ft 8in (34.36m).
Wing span: 132ft 7in (40.41m).
Height: 38ft 6in (11.72m).

Empty weight (L-100-20): 75,098lb (34,064kg).
Empty weight (L-100-30): 76,154lb (34,548kg).
Max take-off weight: 155,000lb (70,308).

Max cruising speed: 315kt (583 km/h).
Range with max payload: 1,718nm (3,182km).
Range with full tanks: 3,121nm (5,780km).

Engines: four Allison 4,408 eshp (3,352ekW) 501-D22A turboprops.

Max payload (L-100-20): 51,902lb (23,542kg).
Max payload (L-100-30): 50,846lb (23,063kg).

L-100-30 Safair

L-100-30 Transamerica

A Lynden Air Cargo L-100-30 at Detroit Willow Run.

Lockheed L-100



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